Tribal Networks News

November 7, 2015

Mushrooms as Rainmakers: How Spores Act as Nuclei for Raindrops

Filed under: Desertification,Water — Direct Sponsor @ 1:34 am

Plos One has published a study that implies that fungal spores can create rain.

From the Abstract:

Millions of tons of fungal spores are dispersed in the atmosphere every year. These living cells, along with plant spores and pollen grains, may act as nuclei for condensation of water in clouds. Basidiospores released by mushrooms form a significant proportion of these aerosols, particularly above tropical forests. Mushroom spores are discharged from gills by the rapid displacement of a droplet of fluid on the cell surface. This droplet is formed by the condensation of water on the spore surface stimulated by the secretion of mannitol and other hygroscopic sugars. This fluid is carried with the spore during discharge, but evaporates once the spore is airborne.

Using environmental electron microscopy, we have demonstrated that droplets reform on spores in humid air. The kinetics of this process suggest that basidiospores are especially effective as nuclei for the formation of large water drops in clouds. Through this mechanism, mushroom spores may promote rainfall in ecosystems that support large populations of ectomycorrhizal and saprotrophic basidiomycetes. Our research heightens interest in the global significance of the fungi and raises additional concerns about the sustainability of forests that depend on heavy precipitation.

More in the full report on and archived below as a pdf

Mushrooms as Rainmakers

April 5, 2015

U.S. Desertification Caused by Government

[Government, not the Government]

You can see from the work of Bill Mollison and others that it’s quite possible to green the desert without massive infrastructure projects. The present desertification of the South-West of the United States is not a result of “climate change”, it’s the result of misuse of the water that’s always been there, under the ground, regardless of the periodic minor variations in climate.

The second video below gives an idea of what could have happened had common sense prevailed over the short term self-interest of a very few, and what could still happen if people wake up.

November 3, 2014

Trees Make Rain VII – Even the scientists are beginning to figure it out.

Filed under: Desertification,Reforestation,Water — Direct Sponsor @ 3:29 pm
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Scientist warns Amazon rainforest losing ability to regulate climate

Despite ‘careful’ phrasing, this article and the research it refers to is very useful support for the notion that we need more forests if we are to survive here for much longer. Big Pharma and its mainstream ‘medicine’ lackeys can make all kinds of definitive claims about their particular brands of snake oil, but when someone is challenging th eonslaught of progress one has to use careful language:

the deterioration of the rainforest – through logging, fires and land clearance – has resulted in a decrease in forest transpiration and a lengthening of dry seasons. This might be one of the factors of the severe drought affecting south-east Brazil.

In fairness, this and other examples of cowardly deference to corporate masters might (!) be coming from the reporter, not the author of the study. In any case, the article has some interesting insights into how mainstream science has been separated from reality:

…science has become so fragmented. Atmospheric scientists don’t look at forests as much as they should and vice versa,” said Nobre, who wrote the report for a lay audience. [when you look into the abyss…?]

Full article in the link above, and archived as pdf here: Amazon_losing_ability_to_regulate_climate

p.s. Of course, in saying that it might be one of the factors the author may have been thinking of HAARP weather weapons as another, but it’s unlikely!

September 5, 2014

Trees Make Rain VI – Biologic Origin of Snowflakes and Raindrops

Filed under: Desertification,Reforestation,Water — Direct Sponsor @ 12:42 am
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In Trees Make Rain V we saw how trees enable microbes to put just the right kind of particles in the air to make it rain. It turns out that these are the most productive of all three known types of nucleating particles:

  1.  Meteor dust particles, which serve as ice nucleators mostly at temperatures colder than -15 degrees Celsius);
  2. Inorganic soil particles (mainly clays), which also serve as ice nucleators mostly at temperatures colder than -15 degrees Celsius; and
  3. Biological particles, which serve as ice nucleators temperatures as warm as, or warmer than, -5 degrees Celsius.

This is shown in detail in a paper called “The Biologic Origin of Snowflakes and Raindrops” by the Suburban Emergency Management Project.

The most active ice nucleators are biological in origin, declare Christner, et al. in their paper recently published in Science (February 29, 2008). (11) “This is important because the formation of ice in clouds is required for snow and most rainfall. Dust and soot particles can serve as ice nuclei, but biological ice nuclei are capable of catalyzing freezing at much warmer temperatures”, the researchers explain. (14) In other words, a mechanism exists whereby snowflakes and other precipitation can form when cloud temperatures in the troposphere are relatively warm.

Here’s the link,

and archived as a pdf: The_Biologic_Origin_of_Snowflakes_and_Raindrops

and here’s the referenced article (11): Ubiquity of Biological Ice Nucleators in Snowfall

See also Evidence for biological shaping of hair ice (pdf, archived here:  bg-12-4261-2015)
and a related article: From rain clouds to ‘hair ice’: how microscopic organisms engineer Earth’s climate
archived here: microscopic_organisms_engineer_climate.pdf

December 27, 2013

Drinking Water Out of a Billboard in Peru

Filed under: Desertification,Technology — Direct Sponsor @ 12:02 pm
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LIMA – Peru’s University of Engineering and Technology (UTEC) was about to open the applications for the period 2013, so they needed to get students’ attention. Lima, the capital, and its surrounding villages such as Bujama are located in the coastal deserts of Peru. In these places, there were many people suffering from the lack of clean and potable water.
The rain in this region is almost zero, but its atmospheric humidity is about 98%. Inspired by this, UTEC built the first billboard that produces drinking water out of the air. The billboard has unique technology that captures the air humidity and turns it into drinking water. The billboard has already produced about 2,496.42 gallons of drinking water in a 3 month period, an amount that equals the water consumption of hundreds of families per month.

Read more in the full article here.
Archived as .pdf Peru_Drinking_Water

November 14, 2013

Trees Make Rain V – Uncovering the tricks of nature’s ice-seeding bacteria

Filed under: Desertification,Reforestation,Water — Direct Sponsor @ 8:01 pm
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64028_webLike the Marvel Comics superhero Iceman, some bacteria have harnessed frozen water as a weapon. Species such as Pseudomonas syringae have special proteins embedded in their outer membranes that help ice crystals form, and they use them to trigger frost formation at warmer than normal temperatures on plants, later invading through the damaged tissue. When the bacteria die, many of the proteins are wafted up into the atmosphere, where they can alter the weather by seeding clouds and precipitation.

Now scientists from Germany have observed for the first time the step-by-step, microscopic-level action of P. syringae‘s ice-nucleating proteins locking water molecules in place to form ice. More in the full article:

Archived as pdf here: Uncovering the tricks of nature’s ice-seeding bacteria

October 11, 2013

Trees Make Rain IV – Biotic Pump

mamberamo from the airIf you cut your forest, the winds will not blow from the ocean and will not bring you rain. Natural forests draw atmospheric moisture inland from the ocean in a positive feedback loop. This builds up precipitation inland, compensating for water lost through river flow and ultimately increasing river runoff due to the sustained low pressure area inland. Forests make rivers.

Much more at

Archived here: Biotic_Pump.pdf

March 5, 2013

How to green the world’s deserts and reverse climate change

Filed under: Desertification — Direct Sponsor @ 7:03 pm
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Allan Savory describes his successes in reversing desertification.

December 7, 2012

Sumerian Civilization Ended by Drought?

Filed under: Desertification — Direct Sponsor @ 11:19 am
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A 200-year-long drought 4,200 years ago may have killed off the ancient Sumerian civilization, according to Matt Konfirst, a geologist at the Byrd Polar Research Center

Thanks largely to the mainstream obsession with ‘climate change’, research into historical disasters that focuses on climate is getting more funding. Mainstream reporting of this research is skewed towards supporting the idea that we must give Al Gore and his carbon mafia all our money and submit to global government, but in between the lines we can piece together a story of successive civilizations which were destroyed by drought. The causes of these droughts are largely left unexplored by mainstream journalists, with speculation confined to statements like “The findings also suggest that modern-day civilizations may be vulnerable to climate change”

There isn’t much evidence that the Sumerians had cars, or package holidays, or air conditioning, so it’s unlikely that their plights had much to do with anything that would easily be construed as supporting carbon taxes and state interference in every aspect of our lives, so the reasons for the climate change are pretty much left out of the reports we get to see in the mainstream media. However, it doesn’t take a genius to work out that agriculture (and thus deforestation) might at least have something to do with it.

More in the article, at, (and many other outlets too)  but it doesn’t go into causes much.

April 17, 2012

The wisdom of our Elders?

Filed under: Desertification,Morocco — Direct Sponsor @ 8:01 pm

Music: Excerpt from Way to the Roots by Haytham Safia Quartet
Photo credits,
Thanks to Miguel Jaramillo for all the great desert photos.
Extreme tree:
Cat: (watch out, loads of popups etc…)

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